Epiretinal Membrane is a condition that causes distortion of the central vision. A very fine layer of cells grows on the surface of the macula and distorts its normal structure. This condition is often slow in progression, and it can be corrected with surgery. Vitrectomy surgery consists of making very small incisions on the white part of the eye. The surgeon works on the eye through a microscope. The vitreous gel is removed and replaced with a specially designed solution. The surgeon can then remove the membrane from the surface of the macula. The surgeon may use special dyes ICG, or Vision Blue to facilitate removal of the membrane. After surgery, very fine absorbable sutures close the incisions.
The retina surgeon will remove the fine epiretinal membrane with microsurgical instruments in an outpatient setting. You will recuperate in the comfort of your home over the course of a few weeks. Most often the distortion will improve slowly over the ensuing months.
Eye drops or ointment are necessary for several weeks after surgery to promote healing. How quickly you can drive, return to work, perform fine visual tasks, or engage in strenuous activities varies from person to person.